New Delhi , National Capital Territory of India

Description

Delhi is a city that bridges two different worlds. Old Delhi, once the capital of Islamic India, is a labyrinth of narrow lanes lined with crumbling havelis and formidable mosques. In contrast, the imperial city of New Delhi created by the British Raj is composed of spacious, tree-lined avenues and imposing government buildings. Delhi has been the seat of power for several rulers and many empires for about a millennium. Many a times the city was built, destroyed and then rebuilt here. 

The city's importance lies not just in its past glory as the seat of empires and magnificent monuments, but also in the rich and diverse cultures. No wonder chroniclers of Delhi culture - from Chand Bardai and Amir Khusro to present days writers - have never been at a loss for topics. In Delhi, you will discover that the city is sprinkled with dazzling gems: captivating ancient monuments, fascinating museums and art galleries, architectural wonders, a vivacious performing-arts scene, fabulous eating places and bustling markets.

Delhi has been the political hub of India. Every political activity in the country traces its roots here. This was true even of the mythological era. The Pandavas of the Mahabharata had their capital at Indraprastha, which is believed to have been geographically located in today's Delhi.

Places to visit

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Qutb Minar

The Qutub Minar is also significant for what it represents in the history of Indian culture. In many ways, the Qutub Minar, the first monument built by a Muslim ruler in India, heralded the beginning of a new style of art and architecture that came to be known as the Indo-Islamic style. It is a fluted red sandstone tower, which tapers up to a height of 72.5 meters and is covered with intricate carvings and verses from the Quran.


The Red Fort

 Within eight years, Shahjahanabad  was completed with the Red Fort-Qila-i-Mubarak Delhi's first fort — ready in all its magnificence to receive the Emperor. This entire architecture is constructed of huge blocks red sandstone. On every independence day the Flag of India is hoisted by the Prime Minister of India here.


Humayun's Tomb

Humayun's Tomb is in Delhi and it  was commissioned by Humayun's first wife Bega Begum. It was also the first structure to use red sandstone at such a scale.


Lotus Temple

The Lotus temple is an exceptionally beautiful structure, created by the Bahai House of Worship, situated in South Delhi and looks like a white lotus. 


Akshardham

Akshardham Temple is the largest Hindu temple  in the world. It was built in 2005. In the sprawling 100-acre  land rests an intricately carved monument, high-technology exhibitions, an IMAX theatre, a musical fountain, a food court and gardens.


Lodi Gardens

 Lodhi Gardens, once called Lady Willingdon Park, laid out in 1930 this beautiful park contains 15th and 16th century monuments that are scattered among its well-kept lawns, flowers, shady trees and ponds. 


Rashtrapati Bhavan

Built with a mix of European and Mughal/Indian styles,Rashtrapati Bhavan  was originally built for the Governor General of India. Now it is the Presidential Palace of India.


India Gate

India Gate is a memorial raised in honour of the Indian soldiers who died during the Afghan wars and World War. The names of the soldiers who died in these wars are inscribed on the walls. The cenotaph  in the middle is constructed with black marble and depicts a rifle placed on its barrel, crested by a soldier's helmet. Each face of the cenotaph has inscribed in gold the words Amar Jawan. Every year the Republic day celebrations are made in Delhi.


Jama Masjid, Delhi

The Jama masjid is the principal mosque  of Old Delhi. Commissioned by the Mughal  Emperor Shah Jahan and completed in the year 1656, it is one of the largest and best known mosques in India.


Jantar Mantar, New Delhi

TheJantar Mantar consists of 13 architectural astronomy instruments, built by Maharaja Jai Singh II.


Raj Ghat and related memorials

Raj Ghat, the final resting place of Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the nation. Two museums dedicated to Gandhi are situated nearby.

Lying close to the Raj Ghat, the Shanti Vana  is the place where India's first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru  was cremated. The area is now a beautiful park adorned by trees planted by visiting dignitaries and heads of state.


National Rail Museum

The National Rail Museum is a museum in Chanakyapuri, New Delhi which focuses on the rail heritage of India it opened on the 9 July 1977.  A toy train offers rides around its site on regular days. The museum houses the world's oldest operational steam locomotive the 1855 built Fairy Queen certified by the Guinness Book of Records.


National Zoological Park

The zoo is home to about 1350 animals representing almost 130 species of animals and birds from around the world.


Purana Quila

The Purana Quila is a monument of bold design, which is strong, straightforward, and every inch a fortress. It is different from the well-planned, carefully decorated, and palatial forts of the later Mughal rulers. 


Sansad Bhavan

 The Parliament of India  is a circular building designed by the British architects Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker in 1912–1913. Construction began in 1921, and in 1927 the building was opened as the home of the Council of State, the Central Legislative Assembly, and the Chamber of Princes.


St. James' Church

It is one of the oldest churches in India.


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